Wettability of Sn-Zn, Sn-Ag-Cu and Sn-Bi-Cu Lead-free Solder Alloys with Copper Substrate
ZHANG Xiao-rui, WANG Chun-lei, ZHAO Hong-xin, LI jian-qiang, TYUAN Zhang-fu
Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex System, Institute of Process Engineering School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex System, Institute of Process Engineering Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex System, Institute of Process Engineering Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Science
Abstract：The wettability of Sn-Zn, Sn-Ag-Cu, Sn-Bi-Cu solder alloys on copper substrate was measured by sessile drop method. Among these solder alloys studied, the wettability of Sn-Bi-Cu alloy was excellent, at 530 K the contact angle between Sn-30Bi-0.5Cu alloy and Cu substrate was 26o. There was almost no contact angle hysteresis of the molten ternary eutectic Sn-3Ag-0.5Cu alloy. Adding Bi to Sn-based alloys could improve the wettability of alloys, while adding Cu could prevent the occurrence of dissolution of Cu substrate effectively. These research results may provide some theoretical basis for the use of lead-free solder alloys.