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过程工程学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (7): 870-876.DOI: 10.12034/j.issn.1009-606X.219321

• 过程系统集成与化工安全 • 上一篇    

丁烷氧化反应器装置数据分析与优化

陈明宇1, 魏哲利2, 李 剑1, 朱向东2, 杨如惠1, 向 星3,王二强3*, 孙霄翔1   

  1. 1. 中国石化仪征化纤有限责任公司BDO部,江苏 仪征 211900 2. 北京华康达计算机应用技术有限公司,北京 100029 3. 中国科学院大学化学工程学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-08 修回日期:2019-11-25 出版日期:2020-07-22 发布日期:2020-07-21
  • 通讯作者: 王二强
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

Data analysis and optimization of butane oxidation reactor

Mingyu CHEN1, Zheli WEI2, Jian LI1, Xiangdong ZHU2, Ruhui YANG1, Xing XIANG3, Erqiang WANG3*, Xiaoxiang SUN1   

  1. 1. BDO Department of Sinopec Yizheng Chemical Fiber Co., Ltd., Yizheng, Jiangsu 211900, China 2. Beijing Huakangda Computer Application Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 100029, China 3. School of Chemical Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-10-08 Revised:2019-11-25 Online:2020-07-22 Published:2020-07-21
  • Contact: Erqiang Wang

摘要: 基于丁烷氧化反应器的实际装置数据,经预处理后,采用主成分分析进行数据挖掘。结果表明,可利用该方法来筛选及判断异常数据点,从而可用于反应器状态的实时诊断和预警,同时对反应器输入和输出参数之间的相关性进行分析,理解和把握参数之间的变化特征,发现丁烷转化率与反应器出口的CO/CO2比值呈负相关,体现主反应和副反应的选择性问题,从而可用于指导反应器操作优化等。

关键词: 反应器, 优化, 大数据分析, 主成分分析, 异常点检测

Abstract: As an important reaction system, butane oxidation to produce maleic anhydride has already been industrialized with lots of advantages compared with other production processes. In this process, fixed-bed tubular reactor was used and recycling molten salt was selected as the cooling media to take out huge amount of reaction heat. Due to the complexity of the reactor internal structure and the reaction mechanism, it is difficult to develop a rigorous mathematical model to simulate and optimize this reactor. Black-box models, such as artificial neural network (ANN), could not provide detailed information about inherent mechanism of research process, and could be only used in the manner of interpolation within fixed range. The principle component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular statistical methods for data mining and analysis. PCA can help to reduce the dimensionality of the variable space by representing it with a few orthogonal (uncorrelated) variables that capture most of its variability. So PCA retains those characteristics of the data set that contribute most to its variance, by keeping lower-order principal components (the ones that explain a large part of the variance present in the data) and ignoring higher-order ones (that do not explain much of the variance present in the data). In this work, lots of historical data of butane oxidation reactor was firstly selected from the DCS device, and then corrected to be as the basis of data mining analysis. The PCA technology was used to dig the relationship between these reactor parameters. The results showed that these outliers can be effectively detected as abnormal or normal data point and the former data would be removed from the data before next analysis. It was also found that there was a negative correlation between the conversion of butane and CO/CO2 ratio at reactor outlet. So, these conclusions from this PCA analysis could be used as useful guide for reactor operation and optimization. The principle component analysis (PCA) is one of the most popular statistical methods for data mining and analysis. PCA can help to reduce the dimensionality of the variable space by representing it with a few orthogonal (uncorrelated) variables that capture most of its variability. So PCA retains those characteristics of the data set that contribute most to its variance, by keeping lower-order principal components (the ones that explain a large part of the variance present in the data) and ignoring higher-order ones (that do not explain much of the variance present in the data). In this article, lots of historical data of butane-oxidation reactor was firstly selected from the DCS device, and then corrected to be as the basis of data mining analysis. The PCA technology was used to dig the relationship between these reactor parameters. The results showed that these outliers can be effectively detected as abnormal or normal data point and the former data would be removed from the data before next analysis. It was also found that there was a negative correlation between the conversion of butane and CO/CO2 ratio at reactor outlet. So, these conclusions from this PCA analysis could be used as useful guide for reactor operation and optimization.

Key words: reactor, optimization, big-data analysis, PCA, outlier detection