Abstract： Foam glass-ceramic was prepared with oil shale residue as major raw material, adding other auxiliary materials. The effects of various factors on the properties of foam glass-ceramics were analyzed. The results showed that the optimal contents of both foaming agent calcium carbonate and stabilizing agent sodium phosphate were 4% and 6% respectively. The optimal process conditions of heat treatment were obtained as follows: the foaming temperature of 1080℃, foaming time of 15 min, and heating rate of 14℃/min. The foaming and crystallization processes of samples were completed after heat treatment including preheating, sintering, foaming, stabilizing and annealing. In addition, the foaming process needed higher temperature and was held in a short time. The samples were transformed into foam glass-ceramic as shown by the analysis of XRD, SEM and FT-IR. The primary crystallization phase was augite, and the minor crystallization phase anorthite. These crystals formed in fibroid minicrystal structure, and complected one another. Compared with related materials, the properties of foam glass-ceramic integrated the advantages of high mechanical strength and light weight, heat preservation, and thermal insulation.