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过程工程学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 130-137.DOI: 10.12034/j.issn.1009-606X.216251

• 过程与工艺 • 上一篇    下一篇

响应面法优化PAC与CPAM复配处理模拟废水

  马江雅1,2*,施 军1,2, 杨志程1,2,付 雪1,2, 付 坤1,2,孙永军3, 张源林1,2   

  1. 1. 安徽工业大学建筑工程学院,安徽马鞍山 243032
    2. 生物膜法水质净化与利用技术教育部工程研究中心,安徽马鞍山 243002
    3. 南京工业大学城市建设学院,江苏省工业节水减排重点实验室,江苏 南京 211800
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-20 修回日期:2016-08-15 出版日期:2017-02-20 发布日期:2017-02-22
  • 通讯作者: 马江雅

Optimizing Removal of Simulated Wastewater Using CPAM Combined with PAC by Response Surface Methodology

MA Jiang-ya1,2*,  SHI Jun1,2, YANG Zhi-cheng1,2,  FU Xue1,2,  FU Kun1,2,  SUN Yong-jun3,  ZHANG Yuan-lin1,2   

  1.  
    1. School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Technology, Ma¢anshan, Anhui 243032, China;
    2. Engineering Research Center of Biomembrane Water Purification and Utilization Technology, Ministry of Education, Ma¢anshan, Anhui 243002, China;
    3. College of Urban Construction, Nanjing Tech University, Jiangsu Key Lab. of Industry Water-conservation & Emission Reduction, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211800, China
  • Received:2016-07-20 Revised:2016-08-15 Online:2017-02-20 Published:2017-02-22
  • Contact: MA Jiang-ya

摘要: 以自制阳离子聚丙烯酰胺(CPAM)与聚合氯化铝(PAC)复配处理模拟高岭土废水,采用响应面法建立溶液透光率与各影响因素之间的Box?Behnken数学模型,优化复配应用,结果表明最佳应用条件为:PAC投加量38.39 mg/L, CPAM投加量1.09 mg/L, 搅拌时间9 min, pH=5.18,该条件下浊度去除率可达99%. CPAM和PAC复配可在低投加量下有效加强絮凝效果,形成的絮体密实,抗剪切能力强,沉降速度快.

关键词: 响应面法, 阳离子聚丙烯酰胺, 聚合氯化铝, 复配絮凝

Abstract: A type of cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) prepared in laboratory combined with polyaluminum chloride (PAC) was applied in flocculation of simulated kaolin wastewater. The Box?Behnken mathematical relational model between transmittance and affecting factors was established, and the conditions of flocculation performance were optimized. The optimum flocculation conditions were determined as follows: PAC dosage of 38.39 mg/L, CPAM dosage of 1.09 mg/L, rapid mixing time of 9 min and pH of 5.18. Under these optimized conditions, the transmittance of processed water arrived at 99%. The results confirmed that, compared with separately application, flocculation through CPAM combined with PAC in low dosage can be effectively. Simultaneously, dense flocs were generated in flocculation, which have a strong ability to resist shear and fast sedimentation speed.

Key words: response surface methodology, cationic polyacrylamide, polyaluminum chloride, combined flocculation

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